Careers Beyond Profit: ‘Ethical’ Careers
A GUIDE TO CAREERS BEYOND PROFIT
Deciding how your own values and beliefs will impact on your career choice is a very personal consideration.
Some sectors are often associated with the idea of an ‘ethical career’.
Here we hope to provide an overview of both the obvious and less obvious sources which might meet your interest in developing a career which meets your ethical values.
Making a difference – in any sector
Defining your values
If you’re looking to ‘do good’ with your career, it can help to first consider what ‘doing good’ means to you. This can provide a useful career focus.
Try the following to help:
- Write a list of any of the following:
- Volunteer or paid work that you’ve done which you consider ‘did good’
- Causes that you actively support, or have done in the past
- Individuals you know of who you feel ‘do good’ with their career
- Organisations or companies you know of who you feel ‘do good’
- For each, try to briefly define what ‘good’ was done.
- Consider the definitions of ‘good’ you’ve just written. Are there any themes emerging which could help to pinpoint your values?
- Perhaps some elements from the exercise resonate more with you than others. This could be another clue to where your values lie – or perhaps helping to define other aspects of the work that you’re looking for.
WHAT SUITS YOU?
As well as your values, there are many other aspects that make up the ‘ingredients’ for fulfilling work. A job which doesn’t suit you, even in a context which fits your values well, can be an unhappy prospect. Take the time to think about:
- Your skills – which do you like to use? What would you like to develop?
- Your environment – buzzing and competitive? Supportive and personal? Concentrated and focused?
- Your work-life balance
- Location, salary
To investigate more about what would suit you see:
- Online Career Planning - resources and questionnaires
- Getting Started on Your Career - qualitative exercises to get you thinking.
‘doing good’: outside of your job
Sometimes it’s not possible to find work, at least initially, which meets all your interests, skills and has the ethical impact that you’re looking for. A good example is the field of Human Rights Law – there are many years of more general legal training and work ahead before you can begin to specialise in this application for your knowledge. So how do you keep your values alive?
One of the best ways to connect with your values is to consider some volunteering around your other work/study. You can see the variety of UK volunteering opportunities on Do-It.
Contact local ‘hubs’ to find out about more opportunities for voluntary work (if you’re here at the moment, Oxford Hub and OCVA are good places to get in touch with, as well as the work centred around the council-owned community centres, and properties housing many local charities, such as the Old Music Hall on Cowley Road).
Becoming an active campaigner can involve anything from harnessing online and social media activity, right through to in-person support for meetings and demonstrations. Connecting with campaigning hubs (examples include 38 Degrees and Avaaz) can provide you with the opportunity to participate in organised campaigning, and many larger organisations will provide resources for those that would like to further the campaign on a local or regional level.
If you have the resources to donate financially, you can do a significant amount of good for the causes you care about. Individual giving can also be supplemented by working to encourage donation from those around you by organising fundraising events and sharing information.
Giving What We Can is an Oxford organisation dedicated to providing information and encouragement for those seeking to give effectively. A similar organisation also considering giving time and energy is Give More. A US-orientated equivalent, giving recommendations on charities to donate to is Give Well.
Creating change within an institution is something all of us do in work, even in a minor way. If where you are working initially doesn’t meet your values, perhaps your enthusiasm can begin to influence a shift. From connecting with like-minded staff to discuss ideas, to creating business cases for them, you might be surprised how much impact you could (diplomatically!) make.
Investigating an employer’s ethics
REARCHING USING AN ORGANISATIONAL WEBSITE
- Reading their annual report (often available on their website – environmental/sustainability reports have been required by law since 2006).
- Reviewing their organisational values, behaviours or mission statement – often in the ‘about us’ section of their website
- Researching their impacts and outputs – from learning how and if they share information with others, to evaluating the effects of their core work in light of your values.
- Investigating their staff policies: often found near the vacancy section of their website. This might include details of their commitment to equality of opportunity, training and support, volunteering days, child-friendly workplace details and more.
The following alphabetical listing of websites provides a brief sample of research tools that may help you to investigate the policies and practices of particular companies.
It should be noted that they are drawn from a variety of sectors, and exist for a variety of different aims, so their relationships with (and perspectives on) companies may differ considerably. Some are independent organisations that are openly critical of major companies, while others are drawn from the business world, and will provide information on particular schemes and partnerships. They by no means provide absolute answers, but are hopefully useful for your investigations:
- Amnesty International’s Business Group - deals with human rights issues in business, and encourages companies to commit to uphold them.
- Business & Human Rights Resource Centre – tracks the positive and negative impact of over 5100 companies worldwide.
- Business in the Community – exists “to inspire, challenge, engage and support business in continually improving its positive impact on society”.
- Corporate Watch – independent research group, based in Oxford, investigating the social and environmental impact of large corporations.
- The Ethical Company Organisation – aims to provide “clear and comparative ethical information on thousands of companies”.
- Ethical Consumer – UK organisation rating over 40,000 companies and their products.
- Ethisphere’s ‘World’s Most Ethical Businesses’ 2013 (145 companies, 43 of which are headquartered outside the USA).
Careers Beyond Profit seminar series
In Hilary 2013 we held a weekly series of events, organised jointly with OUSU and Oxford Hub, covering tailored support for those seeking a career which matched with their values. This covered everything from ‘How to Find Jobs that Suit You’, ‘How to Make the Most of Your Volunteering’ to ‘How to Impress at Interview’ and ‘How to Make Contacts’.
All the slides are available and downloadable online in our blog posts tagged with http://www.careers.ox.ac.uk/tag/careers-beyond-profit/
Alumni profiles: Ethical Careers Day
In March 2012 we held a one-off event bringing a huge range of professionals working for ethical goals together to speak.
As part of this we released a brochure online featuring 50 articles from alumni in a range of professions, sharing their experiences of navigating their careers. The majority are contactable through the Oxford Careers Network (see below). Download from www.careers.ox.ac.uk/careersbeyondprofit
The Ethical Careers Guide is a good read to get you thinking about the issues surrounding ethical employment, and includes valuable profiles of various career fields. It includes People and Planet’s Ethical Careers Service, which merged with the service.
Available at The Careers Service, or order online via www.ethicalcareers.org
Other reference books available at the Careers Service include: Careers Un-Ltd: Another World is Possible and The Rough Guide to a Better World (see also the selection of e-books overleaf)
SUBSCRIPTION VACANCY WEBSITES
Log in to CareerConnect and choose ‘Ethical jobs’ under ‘Subscriptions’ to download the password and username for the following sites (serving the US, UK, Canada, Europe and wider globe):
- Idealist – global search engine (use ‘United Kingdom’ in ‘Location’ for British jobs).
- One World Group – Small international jobs site
- Guardian Jobs – Attracts a large number of organisations seeking to improve social outcomes, as a result of its paper ‘Society Jobs’ supplement
- GlobEthics – Jobs in CSR and ethics/theology
- Ethical Careers – International CSR and SRI jobs
OTHER USEFUL WEBSITES
- EthicalCareers.org – Issues based UK site.
- Prospects.ac.uk: Ethical Careers – UK graduate careers site
- Social Enterprise UK – UK National body for social entrepreneurship.
- The Guardian: Ethical Business – Keep up to date with CSR developments.
- Ethical Corporation – Global business intelligence for sustainability and ethical development.
- CSR Europe – Europe-focused CSR development news.
- Corporate Citizenship Briefing – News and analysis on responsible business.
Join us at www.facebook.com/oxfordcareers to get reminders of our major events straight to your newsfeed, as well as last-minute news from employers.
Want to know what those in your chosen field are talking about? Use Twitter to listen in on the conversation, find out about opportunities or ask questions. Start by following us at www.twitter.com/OxfordCareers to get careers related news and tips, and check out our lists to find a ready-made batch of interesting Twitter feeds for your chosen field. Twitter is also a great way of demonstrating your interest in a sector – there’s a reason it’s called ‘micro-blogging’!
If employers search for your name and university, a LinkedIn page ensures they find what you want them to know. It’s a place to showcase your skills and qualifications, and to get publically recommended by those you’ve worked with. It’s also a phenomenal research tool to find people to contact, and learn about the background of those in your ideal job. We run a regular talk on how to create a profile on LinkedIn, and how to use the site to network. If you already have a profile, join our group: www.linkd.in/OxfordCareers
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