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Postgraduate Study in the UK | The Careers Service Postgraduate Study in the UK – Oxford University Careers Service
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UK universities & courses on offer

There are 160+ universities in the UK and almost all of them offer postgraduate degrees. There is a large amount of variation in terms of:

  • Mix of teaching and research activities
  • Size and make-up of student population
  • Range of courses offered
  • Campus vs town-based

The most common postgraduate level degrees on offer are Masters and PhDs, but a wide variety of other qualifications also exists. See Types of Course for more information.

Universities awarding degrees must be recognised by the UK authorities (UK and Scottish Parliament, Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies). In addition to institutions awarding degrees, there are also several hundred colleges and other institutions which do not have degree-awarding powers but who provide complete courses leading to recognised UK degrees. Courses at these institutions are validated by institutions which have degree awarding powers.

You may come across terms such as Russell Group which refer to groups of universities which share broadly similar origins and ethos. Three main “mission groups” are: Russell Group, Million+ and University Alliance. While they may provide a useful way of finding similar institutions they are unlikely to greatly influence your choice of institutions.

Choosing where to study

There are several course search engines available (listed in ‘External resources’, below).

To narrow down your options:

Note that the reputation of the university as a whole may not accurately reflect the reputation of an individual department.

Doctoral Training Centres

There are a growing number of Doctoral Training Centres (often referred to as Doctoral Training Programmes (DTP), or Centres of Doctoral Training (CDT)), funded by UK Research Councils, which bring together academics from multiple disciplines, and sometimes multiple institutions, to work on common topics of interest. DTCs are more prevalent in the sciences, and in particular the life sciences, but are not exclusively technical.

Doctoral training (leading to PhD or DPhil) at DTCs is often more structured, offering taught courses in research methods and other areas. They may also provide opportunities to develop employability skills through internships.

Applications for PhD places are usually made directly to DTCs, and closing dates may be different (often earlier) to the general graduate admissions deadlines for the wider university. Find lists of DTCs for your subject area on the relevant research council website (linked from UK Research & Innovation).

Application process

Timetable

Most UK university closing dates for graduate entry are between Christmas and Easter, with many falling in mid to late January. Note that some Doctoral Training Centres may have deadlines that are independent of their host university, and they could be well before Christmas.

A sensible timetable for the year in which you apply could be:

Summer holidays preceding application: Start thinking about the kind of course you might like to do and review university websites. Make informal contact with potential tutors/supervisors, particularly if you are considering PhD applications. Explore possible sources of funding and make a note of any deadlines.

Michaelmas Term: Finalise which courses to apply for and check detailed application procedures for each. Attend workshops at the Careers Service on preparing applications and start gathering application materials. Don’t forget to look at funding deadlines and applications too. See a Careers Adviser if you would like to discuss how this course of study might contribute to longer term career plans, or for feedback on the content of your application.

Christmas Vacation: Finalise and submit applications.

Hilary and Trinity Terms: Attend interviews, make choices and concentrate on completing your current course!

What you’ll need

For most courses you will apply direct to the university using their online application system. A few courses have a centralised application system, notably graduate entry medicine and most teacher training courses (via UCAS), and the Graduate Diploma in Law (via Law CAB). Details differ between courses and institutions but you are likely to need some or all of the following:

  • Application form
  • Personal statement and/or research objective
  • Transcripts of university exam results
  • Two or three references
  • A CV
  • Examples of written work
  • Results of standardised tests (if relevant)
  • Payment of a fee

Check closing dates carefully. In the UK although most applications open during the autumn with deadlines between Christmas and Easter, some do close earlier (and scholarship applications may close as early as October).

Personal statements

Guidelines given vary from the simple “Provide evidence in support of your application” to the more common “Tell us why you are interested in the subject for which you have applied. Describe your academic interests and reasons for applying to XXX”. In general you need to convey:

  • Motivation, enthusiasm and a clear understanding of why you are making the application to this particular course, and to this particular institution.
  • How your academic background and other experiences have shaped your decision to apply and how the course contributes to your plans for the future.
  • Evidence that you have the ability, experience, skills and motivation to successfully contribute to the course, and to complete it.

Don’t use the same statement for all applications.

Need some help? Read more about writing personal statements and ask a Careers Adviser for feedback on your statement before you submit it.

Funding

In the UK the cost of postgraduate courses varies, but expect tuition fees of £3k-£10k and living costs of around £12k per year. International students pay higher tuition fees than UK and EU students.

Many postgraduate students get money from a range of sources, for example, money from bursaries, part-time jobs, charitable trusts, private savings and loans. Funding bodies usually have strict eligibility criteria.

In the first instance establish how students normally fund the course you wish to apply for; course administrators and graduate admissions officers should be able to help with this. For general information on applying for funding see Prospects Postgraduate Funding Guide and TargetPostgrad.

Funding sources

UK Postgraduate Masters Loans

Loans of up to £10,609 (2018/19) are now available to UK and EU students (subject to eligibility) for study at UK universities. These are not means-tested. Repayment begins after your postgraduate course ends, and only when your income exceeds £21,000 a year. For full details see the official information and a useful overview from Find A Masters.

UK Postgraduate Doctoral Loans

£25,000 doctoral loans will now be introduced in 2018. These will not be not means-tested. Repayment begins after your postgraduate course ends, and only when your income exceeds £21,000 a year. For full details see the official doctoral loan information and a useful overview from Find A PhD.

Scholarships, bursaries & awards

Information about available scholarships for each course should be provided by the institution you are applying to. Explore their graduate admissions and departmental web-pages, and talk to your potential department. There are also a number of more general funding search engines – none are completely comprehensive, but all are worth a try:

UK Research Councils (for research degrees)

Research Councils are the main public investors in fundamental research in the UK, with interests ranging from bio-medicine and particle physics to the environment, engineering and economic research.

Funding is allocated to university departments or to Doctoral Training Centres, who then nominate students to receive the awards. Most research councils also publish lists of courses and institutions that have received studentships in the past which may be useful as a guide. None of the research councils accept applications direct from students – you apply to the relevant university institution.

Eligibility, particularly in the types of courses funded, varies according to the relevant Research Council. Check the relevant information carefully.

Professional & Career Development Loans

Professional & Career Development Loans are bank loans usually offered at a reduced interest rate, and with interest paid by the UK government while you are studying. They are usually only available for courses which have direct link to an onward career.

Funding specific to Oxford University

Use the Graduate Funding Search to find details of funding options at Oxford. The Graduate Prospectus, The University Gazette, and the University’s website have information about funding opportunities for those hoping to study at Oxford. In particular, The University Gazette publishes a supplement at the start of each academic year detailing scholarships, fellowships, studentships, grants and prizes. Oxford colleges also provide funding for many of their students, explore college websites to find out more.

Sponsorship by employers or other external organisations

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships allow graduates to be employed while working towards a postgraduate qualification (typically a DPhil) based on real projects in small to medium-sized businesses (SMEs). CASE, CASE-plus and Industrial CASE awards allow industrial partners to top-up research council grants for research students in science and engineering disciplines. They are available from NERC, EPSRC, BBSRC, MRC and STFC, though you should approach your department in the first instance.

Part-time work

This may be either within the university or outside it. These options may include research and graduate teaching assistantships, which are advertised in the educational press, in specialist journals, and on Jobs.ac.uk. Talk to your department about teaching opportunities. At Oxford and Cambridge you may get work giving tutorials to undergraduates through colleges. Oxford University’s Temporary Staffing Service may also be able to help.

Charitable funding

Charitable Trusts are organisations that administer sums of money set aside by individuals or corporations to help specific kinds of people. They may be able to help with costs such as maintenance, fees, books, equipment, travel, childcare, field trips; however, resources are limited, and help, if any, is generally small scale. The charity’s aims are likely to be very specific, e.g. they may help according to age, sex, nationality, religion, subject area and so on. There is no point applying unless you are sure that you fit their requirements.

There is no one source of information on charitable funding, so you will need to look a range of resources. Use the scholarship search engines listed above, and the books (available at the Careers Service) The Directory of Grant Making Trusts and The Grants Register.

Funding for non-UK EU Students

Students from the European Union are entitled to many of the sources of funding described above. Career Development Loans are available only to students in England, Wales and Scotland. Research Councils can award grants to cover the tuition fees but not the maintenance costs. You might also find Erasmus, and the UK Research Office helpful.

Brexit? The government has confirmed that anyone starting a masters course in England in 2019 will be subject to existing finance arrangements for the duration of their masters. Find a Masters have published a useful article on how Brexit may affect further study in the UK.

Funding for International Students

International students will find that they are ineligible for many of the sources of UK funding. However, many institutions offer scholarships specifically aimed at international students, see above. You may also find the UK Council for International Student Affairs (UKCISA), the International Education Financial Aid, and The British Council helpful.

Our Resources

Related pages

Books

The following books are available in our Resource Centre at 56 Banbury Road

  • The Directory of Grant-Making Trusts
  • The Grants Register

Relevant events

Check for dates on CareerConnect

  • Seminars on applying for postgraduate study and writing applications for further study take place each Michaelmas Term.
  • Insight into Academia: programme of lunchtime seminars on accessing graduate study and careers in academia.
External Resources

Funding search engines

Charitable organisations and special interest groups

Regional information sources

Further information

This information was last updated on 28 August 2018.
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Recent blogs about Postgraduate Study in the UK

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Blogged by Abby Evans on 07/09/2018.

Students and their families are invited to this completely free event at Canada House in London to learn about postgraduate study opportunities in Canada and to meet informally with Canadian universities and colleges to get any questions answered. Advance registration is required to attend – find out more and book your place here.

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The main exhibition will open at 12pm, where you’ll be able to speak to the Canadian institutions who are exhibiting.The event will be held at Canada House on Trafalgar Square, a beautifully restored heritage building that now houses an impressive collection of Canadian art and design.

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Blogged by Abby Evans on 14/06/2018.

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  • Book: To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect

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Postgraduate study in Europe

Blogged by Abby Evans on 10/05/2018.
  • When:  Thursday 17 May 2018, 13.00-14.00
  • Where: The Careers Service
  • Book: You do not need to book a place at this event

Increasing numbers of students are considering masters degrees and other higher degrees at European universities outside of the UK. The increase in the number of courses taught in English and the often lower fee levels can make it an attractive option. In this session we will explore the possibility of study in European countries with a  particular focus on Germany, France and the Netherlands (the most common destinations for Oxford graduates). We will highlight key differences, application processes and timelines, and signpost key resources.

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