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Types of Postgraduate Course | The Careers Service Types of Postgraduate Course – Oxford University Careers Service
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Taught Courses

Masters courses

Most masters courses are taught in modules, and last one year full-time. Some last two years. Flexible part-time options are available at some institutions. A masters course can allow you to extend your knowledge of specific area of interest, or to explore new topics unrelated to your first degree.

The masters degrees you will most commonly come across are:

  • MA – generally arts, social sciences or business
  • MSt – generally arts, social sciences or business, common at Oxford
  • MSc – science and technology disciplines (MS in the USA)
  • MRes – research techniques, often as a precursor to a PhD/DPhil programme
  • MBA – management and business, usually after a few years of business experience
  • MPhil – includes a substantial piece of individual research
  • Subject-specific degree titles such as MEd, MEng

Professional qualifications

Some postgraduate courses lead directly to a professional qualification required for entry into a particular career. Examples include the PGCE for teaching and the GDL for law. However, there are a whole series of other further study options which could be classified as vocational, ranging from six-week courses in computer skills through to the PhD or DPhil in Clinical Psychology, necessary to work as a Clinical Psychologist.

Find out more about study routes into specific career areas in sectors and occupations.

Research Degrees

Doctoral degrees

A PhD (known as a DPhil in Oxford) usually requires three or more years’ full-time research, involving in-depth study of a specific field, the results of which are presented as a thesis of 50,000+ words. In some countries, including the USA, doctoral students begin their course with a programme of taught modules before beginning doctoral research in year 2 or 3, making the overall length of a PhD much longer than the 3-4 year average in the UK.

Most PhD students join an existing research group in a university department under the guidance of one or more supervisors. In the UK there are a growing number of Doctoral Training Centres (DTCs, also known as Doctoral Training Programmes) funded by UK research councils and offering four year programmes with a focus on interdisciplinary topics and formal training in research methods.

Undertaking a PhD needs to be given careful thought, as it is a completely different experience from a taught course. You need to ask yourself a number of questions before coming to a decision:

  • Can you direct your own work and manage your time?
  • Can you sustain your motivation regardless of the quality of your results?
  • Do you mind spending a great deal of time working on your own in the library?
  • Are you able to put up with carrying out basic, repetitive research techniques to get a series of results?
  • Have you talked to any postgraduate students to find out their experiences?


Research masters

Many taught masters courses contain an element of research via an extended dissertation on a specific topic. Research masters courses offering training in research methods and the opportunity to explore a topic in depth are also available at some institutions. The most common of these degree titles are MRes and MPhil, and these are often seen as a precursor to more extended doctoral level research.

External Resources
This information was last updated on 10 August 2017.
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Recent blogs about Types of Postgraduate Course

Scholarships and fellowships at universities in Hong Kong

Blogged by Abby Evans on September 7, 2017.

Eight universities in Hong Kong offer Hong Kong PhD Fellowships (HKPF) of US$30,760 (HK$240,000) per year plus a conference and research-related travel allowance to selected PhD candidates.

The University of Hong Kong also offers various fellowships and scholarships for outstanding students from universities all over the world who would like to pursue full-time PhD studies in Hong Kong. These include:

  • University Postgraduate Fellowships of US$26,390 ($HK205,900) at the University of Hong Kong.
  • All full-time MPhil and PhD students at the University of Hong Kong who hold a first degree with a 2.1 or above are normally considered eligible to receive a Postgraduate scholarships of at least US$24,150 ($HK$188,400) per year.

To find out more, see the Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme webpages.

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