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Public Health | The Careers Service Public Health – Oxford University Careers Service
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About this sector

Public health is a multidisciplinary field concerned with preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting the health of populations. This may be a small local community or an entire country, rather than on an individual level. Protecting and improving health can be achieved through education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, and research for disease and injury prevention. Public health professionals may work on analysing the effect of genetics, lifestyle choices and environmental factors on health, in order to develop interventions to protect and improve health. There is a range of employers offering public health roles in local authorities, the NHS, health policy settings, academic research, voluntary/community organisations and international health settings. There is a helpful introductory video on public health on YouTube.

Working in public health can be a very rewarding career. By looking at the health of the whole population, you can understand and eventually influence various social, environmental, cultural, economic and political factors affecting health and well being.  While clinical medicine is vital for helping and supporting people when they fall ill, public health work provides opportunities to contribute to reducing the causes of ill health and improving people’s general well being. These opportunities include: developing systems to protect people’s health from environmental or human emergencies; helping people to improve their own health; and ensuring that our health services are the best and the most appropriate. Current big public health issues include dementia, cancer and mental health.

Types of job

Given the diversity of the organisations themselves, career opportunities are wide-ranging in this sector. There are a number of career options in research, public or government services, voluntary organisations, and non-governmental organisations.  The roles can be directly working with people, strategic, or administrative in the following key areas: improving people’s health, protecting people’s health, working with information, teaching and research, maintaining and raising standards, and in leadership, planning and management.

Some examples of roles or areas of work are: academic researcher, communicable and non-communicable disease control, communications and social marketing, community development, consultant in public health, dental public health, emergency planning, environmental health, GP in public health, health economist, health promotion/health improvement officer, health psychologist, health trainer, infection control and immunisation, information management and technology manager, lead for health intelligence function, policy lead, prescribing and medicine management, public health analyst, public health education, public health intelligence specialist, public health leadership, public health nutrition, screening and specialist community public health nursing. So whilst the core workforce consists of specialists (strategic work) and practitioners (front-facing), and there is also the wider workforce which includes any role which can influence health eg campaign managers, people working in leisure centres, and social workers.

Entry points

Entrants can be from a range of professional backgrounds including clinical (medicine, dentistry, nursing, professions allied to medicine) and non-clinical (a good first degree ideally in a subject relevant to public health, usually a health science or environmental degree). A Masters in Public Health can be an advantage for developing a career as a public health specialist either in the UK or overseas and the career options pathways after masters will depend partly on other related experience.

Some specialist consultant roles in public health require clinical backgrounds.  If these are of interest consult our information on Medicine as a Second Degree for more details about this career path.

Many careers in research in public health and related fields will require a doctoral degree. See our information on Academia and Higher Education  for more details on pursuing doctoral research and subsequent academic careers.

For more information on opportunities within international organisations (such as WHO or UN), NGOs and charities, see our pages on International Organisations, International Development and Charities.

Skills & experience

Skills needed

The skills required will very much depend on the role but may include:

  • Communication and persuasion
  • Research and critical thinking
  • Strategic thinking
  • Statistical/numerical skills
  • Multidisciplinary team work
  • Leadership
  • Flexibility

Getting experience

Some form of related work experience or volunteering experience with the client group or within your field of interest will be invaluable when applying for jobs. The Public Health Skills and Career Framework could help you to map your competencies and knowledge.

Look for advertised opportunities but also identify organisations you are interested in and find a relevant contact or approach them speculatively.

Students from any degree discipline can become members of the Faculty of Public Health (FPH) which gives access to FPH members and events for networking as well as keeping you up to date with public health issues.

If you do arrange work experience, there is often confusion about whether you should be paid to do an internship or work experience. It will depend on your arrangement with the employer and also the status of the employer. To find out if you are entitled to be paid when undertaking work experience or an internship, visit the Government’s webpages on the National Minimum Wage.

Getting a job

Most jobs are within the public sector, NHS and local governments, and are advertised. Consult our sector information for how to find jobs in the areas mentioned above. When searching for jobs (for instance on www.jobs.nhs.uk), try searching by skills or keywords to enable you to locate vacancies which are within the field of public health but do not necessarily have it in the title.

Talk to people (contacts, colleagues, tutors, supervisors) who are already working in a field within which you might want to specialise, or who may know people who are in that field. If you are doing research for a thesis then think about how this may relate to, and help you to clarify, your future plans.

Some local authorities such as Birmingham and Thurrock run Public Health graduate schemes which provide the core experience required to progress onto a specialist scheme. It also allows graduates to obtain their Public Health Practitioner’s registration.

The FPH run a 5 year Consultant in Public Health training scheme which typically has 60 places of which half are filled by applicants with a medical background and half are non-medics. To get on the scheme, medical doctors will have needed to complete their Foundation Programme and non-medics need 2 years of relevant experience. During this scheme, most complete a Masters in Public Health.

Our resources

Books

The following books are available to read in our Resource Centre at 56 Banbury Road:

  • Trust me, I’m a health manager, Greg Sheridan, Charlotte Rastan, Dan Foulkes
  • Management Essentials for Doctors, Rory Shaw, Vino Ramachandra, Nuala Lucas, Neville Robinson
  • So You Want to be a Brain Surgeon?, Simon Eccles & Stephan Sanders (eds) – includes a section on public health medicine
External resources
Equality, diversity & positive action

A number of major graduate recruiters have policies and processes that are proactive in recruiting students and graduates from diverse backgrounds. To find out the policies and attitudes of employers that you are interested in, explore their equality and diversity policies and see if they are a Disability Confident employer or are recognised for their policy by such indicators as ‘Mindful Employer’ or as a ‘Stonewall’s Diversity Champion’.

The UK law protects you from discrimination due to your age, gender, race, religion or beliefs, disability or sexual orientation. For further information on the Equality Act 2010 and to find out where and how you are protected, and what to do if you feel you have been discriminated against, visit the Government’s website on discrimination.

This information was last updated on 30 August 2018.
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Recent blogs about Public Health

Charityworks Internships for BAME Students: Deadline Approaching

Posted on behalf of Charityworks. Blogged by Annie Dutton on 14/12/2018.

The Charityworks Taster Programme gives talented Black, Asian or Minority Ethnic (BAME) students and graduates a top-class experience of working in the non-profit sector alongside the professional development tools needed to launch a professional career that can change the world. The programme also gives students fast-tracked access to the acclaimed Charityworks Graduate Programme in 2019. There are 40 opportunities available, and the deadline for applications is 17 December.

Charityworks places and develops top talent into organisations across the sector and includes amongst its partners, Mind, NSPCC, Unicef, Barnardo’s, Marie Stopes International, Christian Aid, National Housing Federation, RNLI, LGBT Foundation and many more.  Roles are as diverse as frontline, HR, fundraising, campaigning, finance, business development, IT & systems, research, policy and more.

If interested, apply here.

Apply now for The Researcher Strategy Consultancy – Health and Life Sciences!

Blogged by Fiona Sinclair on 14/12/2018.

Researcher Strategy Consultancy – Health and Life Sciences…

The purpose of the Researcher Strategy Consultancy – Health and Life Sciences programme is to provide early career researchers (DPhil students, RAs, and postdocs with an opportunity to develop the core employability skills required for a transition into analytical or policy roles in the sector.

Participants volunteer some of their own time to work in teams, over a 3-4 month period, to address a strategic issue or business opportunity for a client organisation in the health and life science sector. the programme is open to all disciplines and will offer participants a unique insight into the health and life sciences sector.

but it isn’t just about consulting!

The programme will provide participants with an opportunity to:

  • Experience an Assessment Centre and hone their presentation skills
  • Develop key employability skills such as business and customer awareness, strategic thinking, creativity, team working and communication
  • Demonstrate key employability skills in their CV and in job interviews
  • Tackle strategic business issues and opportunities and make a contribution to the sector
  • Gain an awareness of the commercial, social and behavioural contexts of professional environments.

Apply now

Applications for the Researcher Strategy Consultancy – Health and Life Sciences are now open. The closing date is 16 January (noon). APPLY HERE

If you have any queries regarding the programme, please email courses@careers.ox.ac.uk

Applications open for The Agency – Hilary Term 2019!

Blogged by Fiona Sinclair on 12/12/2018.

The Agency in Hilary Term…

The Agency was developed by The Careers Service and the Oxford Advertising and Marketing Society to help students gain practical experience working within an environment similar to a traditional creative agency – with real client projects from local businesses, charities and community organisations.

You will be working in small teams of six over one academic term to find a creative solution to an intellectually challenging problem.

… it isn’t just about marketing and advertising!

The Agency will provide you with an opportunity to:

  • Develop application and assessment centre skills;
  • Increase commercial awareness by tackling strategic business issues and concerns;
  • Gain specialised skills for working in a creative agency;
  • Develop other key employability skills useful in any career such as self-management, team working, problem solving and communication;
  • Produce demonstrable examples of keys skills for your CV or for use in job/internship interviews;
  • Contribute to the local community and gain work experience.

Apply now

Applications for The Agency programme in Hilary 2019 are now open. The closing date is 8 January (noon). APPLY HERE

To find out more about the programme visit The Agency webpage, or email us on courses@careers.ox.ac.uk.

Become a student ambassador for the Creative Industries Federation

Blogged by Lara Hayward on 06/12/2018.

Are you considering a career in the creative industries? Are you a passionate creative and looking for a new challenge? For current higher and further education students who have an interest in the creative industries, the Creative Industries Federation (“CIF”) are piloting a new Student Ambassador Programme. CIF Student Ambassadors will be representatives for the membership body at their universities, helping to spread the word about events and opportunities in the creative industries while making the most of the insight, research, events and networking benefits that the Federation can offer them.

A great opportunity to learn more about the creative industries and add experience to your CV.

For more information on the programme, click here.

Roundhouse Co-working Hub: Mentoring and masterclass opportunities in the creative industry

Blogged by Lara Hayward on 06/12/2018.

A new co-working space at the Roundhouse

Many people know the Roundhouse as a gig venue, or a place to see theatre, dance or circus. But what many people don’t know is that each year, 6,000 young people (aged 11-25) also come to the Roundhouse to take part in projects or use rehearsal and studio space right underneath the main auditorium where so many people have seen a show.

The Roundhouse’s Centre for Creative and Digital Entrepreneurs is a co-working space within the new campus, which will be built in the Roundhouse yard and will comprise three large studio spaces and a new outdoor bar for audiences. It will allow the Roundhouse to work with young people, up to the age of 30, so that they can support the next generation of record label owners, film producers and tech innovators to achieve their dreams. Through desk space, mentors and masterclasses they will help young people build their future in the creative industries. For further information on the pilot, see the Roundhouse Chief Executive and Artistic Director Marcus Davey’s blog post here

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Older posts can be found in our archive of past blogs.